Non Nuclear Aggression Agreement Upsc

The Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement: An Overview for UPSC Aspirants

With the world becoming more complex and interconnected, issues related to nuclear weapons have become a matter of concern for many countries. The Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement (NNAA) is one such instrument that helps in preventing the use of nuclear weapons and ensures peace and security in the world. This agreement is especially important for countries like India that are not members of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

In this article, we will take a closer look at the NNAA and its importance for UPSC aspirants.

What is the Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement?

The NNAA is a bilateral agreement between two countries that prohibits the use of nuclear weapons against each other. The agreement is based on the principles of peaceful coexistence, mutual respect, and non-interference in each other`s internal affairs. It also includes provisions on consultation and notification in case of any threat or use of nuclear weapons.

The NNAA was first proposed by India in 1974 and was signed with the Soviet Union in 1981. Since then, India has signed similar agreements with many other countries, including China, France, and the United States.

Why is the NNAA important for India?

As a country outside the NPT, India has faced many challenges in the international community regarding its nuclear program. The NNAA is a significant step towards ensuring that India`s nuclear capabilities are not seen as a threat to other countries. It also provides a level of assurance against nuclear attacks from countries that have already developed nuclear weapons.

The NNAA also reflects India`s commitment to peaceful coexistence and non-aggression. It is a testament to India`s responsible behavior as a nuclear power and its willingness to engage with other countries to ensure global peace and security.

How does the NNAA relate to UPSC?

The NNAA is an important topic for UPSC aspirants as it reflects India`s foreign policy, national security, and strategic interests. The agreement is often discussed in international relations and security-related topics in UPSC examinations.

It is crucial for aspirants to understand the context and significance of the NNAA and its impact on India`s foreign policy. A good understanding of the NNAA and its provisions will help aspirants engage in more nuanced and informed discussions about nuclear weapons, non-proliferation, and global security issues.


The Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement is an important bilateral agreement that reflects India`s commitment to responsible nuclear behavior and peaceful coexistence. It is an essential tool for ensuring global peace and security and is an important topic for UPSC aspirants. Understanding the NNAA and its provisions is crucial for aspirants interested in international relations, security studies, and India`s foreign policy.